6. Language Function


Greetings and leave-taking

Formal Greeting

  • Good morning.
  • Good afternoon.
  • Good evening.
  • Good morning, sir.

Informal greeting

  • Hi, Lizzy!
  • Morning, Jim!
  • Hello.

 Initial greetings

  • How are you?
  • How’s it going?
  • How are you doing?
  • How’s life?

Responding to initial greetings

  • Very well, thank you and how are you?
  • I’m good/okay/alright.
  • Very well, thank you.
  • Oh, pretty good.
  • Not too bad, thanks.
  • Fine, thanks.
  • Excellent.


  • OK then…
  • I’ve got to go now.
  • So, I’ll see you next week.
  • I think I’d better be going now.
  • Well, it’s time for me to leave.
  • I think it’s already late at night.
  • I must be going home.


  • Good bye.
  • Bye-Bye; Bye; Bye now; See you. Take care.
  • See you later —- Fine.
  • See you soon —– OK.
  • See you tonight —– All right.
  • Good night.

 Expressing feelings :

Expressing happiness

  • Oh, I’m so happy.
  • I can’t say how pleased I am.
  • I had a splendid time there.
  • What a marvelous place I’ve ever seen.
  • It’s an outstanding adventure.
  • It’s an interesting experience.
  • It’s a sensational trip.
  • Great!
  • Exciting!
  • Fantastic!
  • Super!
  • Terrific!
  • Smashing!
  • Hey, that’s terrific/great!

Expressing boredom

  • I think it was a boring holiday.
  • It sounds boring.
  • It’s totally/awfully boring.
  • I’m rather bored.
  • How boring!
  • I don’t think the trip was very interesting.
  • I’m fed up with it.
  • It’s totally boring.
  • The film was awfully boring.
  • How boring!
  • How unexciting!
  • I’m fed up with all your grumbling!
  • Dull.
  • Not interesting.

Expressing disappointment

  • That’s very disappointing.
  • I must say I’m really disappointed.
  • It’s a great disappointment.
  • That’s too bad.
  • Oh no!
  • That’s too bad
  • That’s a real shame/pity.
  • It’s a real shame.
  • Bad luck!

Asking if someone remembers or not

Formal expressions

  • I wonder if you remember ….
  • You remember …., don’t you?
  • You haven’t forgotten …., have you?
  • Don’t you remember ….?
  •  Do you happen to remember it now?

Ways to respond

  • Let me think, yes, I remember.
  • I remember especially the scenery.
  • I’ll never forget that.
  • I’ll always remember.
  • I can remember it clearly.

Informal expressions

  • Remember the old house we used to live in?
  • Remember that?
  • I’m sorry, I don’t remember.

Ways to respond

  • Hold on. Yes, got it!
  • I know ….
  • It’s coming back to me now.

Response if you forget

  • Sorry, I’ve completely forgotten.
  • I’m afraid I forget.
  • I really can’t remember.
  • I’m afraid I have no memory of him.
  • Err, let me think. No, it’s gone.
  • Sorry, it slipped off my mind.

Asking for attention

  • Excuse me, I wonder if I could trouble you ….
  • May I have your attention, please?
  • Excuse me, ….
  • Sorry to trouble you.
  • Sorry to bother you.
  • Look at me!
  • Look what I’ve got here.
  • Look here.
  • Look!
  • Hey!
  • Attention, please!
  • Excuse me!

Showing attention

  • I see.                                        –  Tell me more about it.
  • Oh, yes.                                   –  Really?
  • Mmm…                                   –  Oh, my God! What happens next?
  • A  ha…                                    –  And then  what?
  • How interesting!                     –  What’s next?
  • I know what you mean.          –   Is that all?
  • Oh, oh!                                    –   Indeed?
  • Well, well, well…                   –   Oh, no!

Inviting someone

Offering an invitation:

  • I’d like you to come to dinner.
  • I’d like to ask you to come swimming.
  • Would you like to go to the theater with me on Saturday night?
  • How about going to the football match with me tomorrow afternoon?

Accepting an invitation:

  • Thank you, I’d be glad to go.
  • Yes, thank you. I’d be happy to go.
  • Thank you so much for inviting me.
  • Let’s meet at the school canteen.
  • Yes, I’d love to.
  • Sure.
  • Great.
  • All right.

Declining an invitation

  • I’m so sorry, I’ll be very busy tomorrow night.
  • I’m afraid that’s not too good fro me, what about after lunch?

        The Good Fairy is going to visit Geppetto for Pinocchio’s birthday. She phones

        Geppetto to see if they can meet.


Expressing sympathy

When you hear someone is hurt or sad, express your sympathy with the following expressions.

Offering condolences:

  • I’m sorry.
  • I’m sorry to hear about your father.
  • I’m sorry to hear that your little Tweetie died.
  • Let me offer my condolences.
  • Let me tell you how sorry I am to hear about your grandmother.
  • I know how you must feel.
  • You must feel terrible about losing your brother like that.

Responding to condolences

  • Thank you.
  • That’s very kind of you.
  • There’s nothing that can be done about it.
  • It’s God’s will, I suppose.
  • God gives and God takes away.
  • That’s life.

Offering to older people:

  • Would you like a cup of coffee, Mr. Green?
  • Should I get you a bottle of water?
  • Could I offer you a glass of lemonade, Mrs. Lina?
  • Would you care for some salad?

Offering to friends

  • Want some?
  • Have some.
  • Chocolate?
  • Glass of lemonade?
  • Grab some for yourself.
  • Would you like to have a pancake?
  • Why don’t you have some lemonade?
  • What can I get for you?
  • What will you have?

Declining an offer:

  • No, thanks.
  • No, I really won’t thank you.
  • Not for me, thanks.
  • No, thanks. I’m not hungry.

Accepting an offer:

  • Thank you
  • Yes, please
  • I’d like it very much
  • Thank you, I would
  • That would be very nice

Expressing thanks

Expressing gratitude:

  • Thank you.
  • Thanks.
  • Thank you very much.
  • Many thanks.
  • Thanks a lot.
  • I thank you.
  • I’m very much obliged to you.
  • Thank you for your kindness.
  • Thanks for everything.
  • Thanks for your help.

Showing gratitude when refusing:

  • Thanks anyway.
  • No, thank you.
  • No, thanks.

Expressing compliments

  • That’s a lovely cake.
  • That was a nice lunch.
  • You look good in that dress.
  • What a lovely garden.
  • You’re really a good cook.
  • You’ve done a great job.
  • You did it very well.
  • Well done.
  • You’re doing just fine.
  • You’re doing great.

Responding to compliments

  • Thank you.
  • I’m glad you enjoyed it.
  • Thanks. Do you really think so?
  • Thank you very much. It’s nice of you to say so.
  • I’m glad you like it.
  • Thanks a lot.

Useful phrases to express location:

  • to face (is facing, faces)
  • to be opposite (is opposite, are opposite)
  • on, at, in
  • under, beneath
  • over, on top of
  • at the top of, on the site of, at the bottom of
  • inside
  • outside
  • beside, next to, near, in between
  • in back of, in the middle of, in front of
  • (to)(on) the left (of),(to)(on) the right (of)
  • across from
  • (at)(on) the corner of
  • at the end of
  • to be located (is located)
  • to be situated ( is situated)
  • to lie (lies, lie)

Expressions of congratulations:

  • Congratulation!
  • Congratulation on your promotion.
  • May I congratulate you on winning the contest?
  • I must congratulate you on your success.
  • Please accept my warmest congratulations on your wedding day.
  • I congratulate you on your being admitted in one of the favorite senior high schools in our district.
  • Please accept my heartiest congratulations.

Respond to congratulations:

  • Thanks!
  • Thank you.
  • Thank you very much.

Expressions used in an interview

Opening the interview:

  • Good afternoon.
  • Excuse me, I didn’t quite catch your name.
  • Have a good time.
  • Thanks for your ….
  • It is a big surprise.
  • I congratulate you on ….

Asking for information:

  • Could I ask?
  • Where was it?
  • I’m calling to find out ….
  • Do you realize that …
  • Actually ….
  • And?
  • Well, let me see ….
  • First/then/after that/at the end …

The expressions used to say believe or not believe are:

Asking if you believe or not:

  • Do you believe it?
  • Wouldn’t you believe it?
  • Can you imagine that?
  • You don’t believe it, do you?
  • Don’t you think it’s odd that …?

Responding to believe or not:

  • No, I don’t believe it.
  • Are you serious?
  • Are you joking?
  • Are you kidding?
  • You must be joking/kidding!
  • Oh, no! That’s not true!
  • You don’t say!
  • Seeing is believing.


 Expressing being surprised

Telling surprising news:

  • Guess what!
  • Surprise!
  • I’ve got news for you.
  • Do you know what?
  • You won’t believe it!

Responding to believe or not:

  • Oh, no. That’s not true.
  • You don’t say.
  • Really? That sounds interesting.
  • Really? It’s surprising that….
  • Seeing is believing.
  • Good heavens.
  • My goodness!
  • This is really a surprise!

Kls XI

Expressing feeling

Study the following dialog.

A   : Could you tell me how big the blue whale is?

B   : Well, let me tell you. The blue whale is the largest animal ever known. It exceeds elephants and dinosaurs in size. A blue whale may weigh up to 115 tons.

A   : Wow, that’s an amazing fact.

Expressing surprise:

  • No. I don’t believe it. – Oh, no. That’s not true.
  • Are you serious? – Really?
  • Are you joking? – It’s surprising that …
  • Are you kidding? – What a surprise!
  • You must be joking. – This is really a surprise!
  • Wow! – Incredible!


Expressing warning

When we are going to give warnings to other people we can use these expressions:

Informative notices:

– Out of order.

– No vacancies.

– Sold out.

Do this:

– Please queue other side.

– Keep right.

Don’t do this:

No smoking.

– No littering.

– No parking.

– No exit.

– Don’t lean out of the window.

– Please do not disturb.

– Please do not feed the animals.

– Keep off the grass.

– Silence. Examination is in progress.

– Don’t leave bags unattended.


Watch out:


– Mind your head.

– Fragile.

– Watch your step.

– Beware of pickpockets.

– Beware of fierce dog.

– Watch out. The train is coming.

– Look out behind you.



– Take good care of yourself.

– Be careful.

– Take care, please.



Study the following dialogs. Underline the expressions of asking for and offering suggestions. Then write the expressions in the table.

Number 1. Situation: A husband and wife are talking at breakfast.

A   : Darling, this hair dryer I bought yesterday isn’t working. What do you think I should do about it?

B   : Why don’t you try taking it back to the store?

A   : Well, I was thinking of that, but don’t you think you could look at it first?

B   : O.K., but not now. Maybe later.

Number 2. Situation: A student is talking with her advisor.

A   : Mrs. Wilson, what do you think I should do about my chemistry class?Should I drop it or continue with it?

B   : I think it would be a good idea to talk with your instructor. Try talking with her about the problems and see what she suggests.

A   : What if she says I should continue with the class?

B   : Then follow her advice. She doesn’t want to fail you.

Asking for advice:

– Do you think I ought to call the police?

– What do you think I should buy him for his birthday?

Do you have any ideas about how I can sell my car?

Should I try to talk with him about this matter again?

If you were me, what would you tell her?

If you were in my situation, would you forgive him?

Do you have any advice for me?

Can you give me some advice?

Do you have any recommendations about a good hotel inParis?

– Can you recommend a suitable wine for dinner?

Offering advice:

– I think you’d better start looking for a new job.

– If I were you, I’d stop writing her.

– It would probably a good idea to send this mail by express mail.

Why don’t you try calling her tonight?

How about taking the bus instead of driving?

Try ignoring her for a while.

I’d say that you’d better quit the team now.

I advise you to talk with your lawyer.

My advice is to be careful in doing business with them.

I suggest that we go out for dinner tonight.

Let me suggest that we buy a new copier.

I recommend that you cancel your appointment.

– My recommendation is that we begin the sales program in May.


Expressing permission

Study the following dialog. Then practice it with your friend and answer the questions.

A   : Dad, can I go to the movies with Tim and the guys tonight?

B   : No, you may not. You’ve been twice to the movies this week.

A   : Please, Dad. Please let me go. Tonight’s the last night. I’ll do anything you want me to.

B    : Will you clean the garage this afternoon before you go?

A   : Uhmmm…. Okay, deal.

B   : Deal. You can go with your friends but don’t be too late.

A   : I won’t Dad and thanks, Dad. You’re the best.

Study the following expressions.

Asking permission:

– Can I close the window, please?

Please let me have the car tonight.

– May I close the door, please?

– Do you mind if I smoke?

– Would you mind if I went with her?

– Permit me to borrow your pen a minute.

– May I have your permission to marry your daughter.

Giving permission:


– Sure, go ahead.

– It’s okay with me.

– No, I don’t mind.

– Why not?

– You have my permission.

– I won’t stop you.




Denying permission:


– No, you may not.

– You can’t.

– Yes, I do mind.

– I don’t think so.

– I will not permit you to.

– I absolutely forbid you.


Expressing relief, pain, and pleasure

Expressing relief:

– Oh, that’s a relief. – I’m very relieved to hear that.

– Thank goodness for that. – I’m extremely glad to hear that.

– Thank heavens! – What a relief!

– Oh, good! – Good for you.

– Oh, marvelous! – I’m glad it’s done.

– Oh, what a relief! – I’m glad everything is running well.

– That’s alright, then. – I feel so relieved.

– Phew! – This ointment relieves my pain.

– Thank God for that. – It’s very relaxing.


Interjection (a sound in English to express pain):

– Ouch! It hurts me so much.

– Ouch! Stop pinching me.

– Oh! What shall I do if he’s already married?

– Ooh! My head aches! And my back hurts!

– Ah! What is it?

– Ouch! That hurts!

– Aw! The pain hurts me very much.

– It’s very painful. I can’t stand it.

– I can’t stand it. The pain is getting worse and worse.

Expressing pleasure/pleased:

– I’m very pleased with this room. – Smashing!

– Oh, how marvelous! – Terrific!

– Oh, it’s wonderful! – Fantastic!

– It’s good news. – Super!

– I’m very delighted. – I’m glad you like it.

– It gives me great pleasure. – This is great, isn’t it?

– I can’t say how pleased I am. – I can’t say how delighted I am.

– Great!

Expressing feeling scared

Study the following dialog and take turns reading it together with your partner. Then, underline the sentences expressing feeling scared.

A         : Hey, Don. I saw you at the 21 Cinema last night. Were you watching a movie?

B        : Oh, yes.

A       : Really? What film was it?

B        : “Malam Jumat Kliwon“ .

A       :  It must be a horror film. Tell me about it.

B        : Well, …..the story was about a beautiful girl walking home alone at night.

A       : Oh, why did she do that? A girl walking home alone …. at night!

B        : Well, I don’t know for sure. Next time I’ll ask the film director, okay?

A       : Okay, okay, calm down, please. Don’t be mad.

B        : Well, on the way home she met three drunken men. You know what?

A       : Of course, I don’t know. You saw the film, I didn’t!

B        : Ha..ha.. ha.. you look so funny in such an expression. Okay, let me continue. These three men raped her brutally.

A       : Oh my ….. ! Poor girl!

B        : And then, they killed the girl cruelly and threw her body into some bushes.

A       : Really? Oh, damn them!

B        : After that the girl’s soul, of course, could not rest peacefully and turned into a ghost.

A       : Oh, that’s scary. Look, the hair on my neck is standing up.

B        : Don’t be afraid, buddy. At the end of the story, the ghost took revenge on them.

A       : Well, it served them right after all.


Expressing scared:

– I’m scared.                           – The sight terrified me so much.

– You scare me.                      – I can’t forget that terrible experience.

– It’s frightening.                    – The fear is creeping into my heart.

– It’s horrible.


Expressing opinions

Asking other people’s opinions:


What do you think of ….

– Is that true that ….

– Do you think it’s going …

– Why do they behave like that?

– Do you have any idea?

– How do you like …..?

– Please give me your frank opinion.

– What’s your opinion?


Expressing opinions:

– In my opinion, …..                                       – I feel ….

– I personally believe …..                               – I am certain, sure, positive, convinced.

– I personally think…..                                   – I agree

– I personally feel …..                                    – I disagree

– Not everyone will agree with me, but ….   – It seems that ….

– To my mind ….                                            – Well, personally ….

– From my point of view…..                          – If I had my way, I would ….

– As I see it                                                     – What I’m more concerned with is …..

– I think ….                                                      – In my case ….

– I believe……                                                  – Absolutely.


Expressing agreement and disagreement

Saying that you agree:


– Yes, I agree with you.

– I’m sure you’re right.

– That’s right (quite true).

I think so too.

I absolutely agree.

– That’s exactly what I think.

Yes, I suppose so.

– I don’t have any objections.



Saying that you don’t agree:


– We will never agree.

– Not at all/Not really.

– I disagree.

– I think that’s nonsense.

– I see your point, but …

– Yes, maybe, but ….

– I don’t entirely agree with ….

– You may be right, but ….

– Do you think so?

– I see what you mean, but ….

– To some extent, yes, but ….

– I don’t think so.

– I don’t agree with you.

– I’m not sure I agree with you.

– I don’t like the idea.


Making a conclusion:


– In conclusion, we state that ….

– Therefore, we state that

To conclude, we state that ….

On the whole, we state that ….

– From the statement we can conclude ….

On this basis, we agree that ….



Expressing satisfaction and dissatisfaction

Asking about satisfaction and dissatisfaction:

– How do you like your room?           – Did you find our service satisfactory?

– Is everything O.K.?                          – Do you want to complain about something?

– Is everything satisfactory?               – Was something not to your satisfaction?

– Are you satisfied?                            – Are you dissatisfied with something?


Expressing satisfaction:

– I really like my new haircut.

– I’m completely satisfied with everything you’ve done for me.

– It was satisfactory.

– Everything is fine, thank you.

– Everything was just perfect.

– I’m happy enough with it.

– It was okay. Not too bad.

– Good enough.


Expressing dissatisfaction:


– I see.

– I’m sorry to hear that.

– I’ll look into it.

– I’ll see what I can do about it.

– I’ll try and take care of it.


Responding to dissatisfaction:


– I see.

– I’m sorry to hear that.

– I’ll look into it.

– I’ll see what I can do about it.

– I’ll try and take care of it.

Expressing Love:

– I love you.                                                  – Words fail to convey how much I love you.

– I love you too.                                            – My love will never cease till the end of time

– I really love you and I will always do        – I’ll never stop loving you.

– I truly love you endlessly

There’s nothing that compares with my love for you.

Expressing sorrow and attention

This is a part of Cleopatra’s act in Shakespeare’s play. Read this carefully and say it again in a simple sentence.

Come, thou mortal wretch with thy sharp teeth

This knot in frigate of life at once untie”


Expressing sorrow:

She was overwhelmed by her sorrow.

– My heart is so burdened.

– I can’t tell my pain and sorrow in words.

– It brought me a lot of miseries.

I’m so sad to hear it.

I’m feeling bad at this time.


Expressing attention:

Oh, really?                                        – Why not?

– It’s amazing                                     – What about her step-mother?

– Is he? (Did he?, Was she?, etc.)       – How lucky he is.

– Oh, poor creature!                            – Well, go on.

– What a poor girl she is!                   – What happened then?


Expressing embarrassment and anger

Expressing embarrassment:


– It really makes me ashamed.

I was so ashamed.

– I was very embarrassed.

– How embarrassing.

– Tell me it never happened.

– Tell me it didn’t happen.

– I was so embarrassed.

Asking if someone is angry:


– What’s the matter?

– What happened?

– What do you look so insulted about?

– Why are you acting so insulted?

– Did I insult you?

– Are you angry about something?

– Are you angry with me?

– What are you so angry about?



Expressing anger:

– Well, I’ve never been so insulted in my life.           – You, turkey!

– Who are you to say such a thing to me?                  – You’re getting me angry.

– Aren’t you the pot calling the kettle black?            – I’m starting to get angry..1..2..3..

What do you mean I did a terrible job?                  – Are you trying to get me angry?

– Are you trying to tell me I’m not good enough for you? – You burn me up!

– Oh, hell!


Calming someone down:

– Relax.                                   – Maybe you’re a little too sensitive about.

– Take it slow.                         – Don’t be so touchy.

– Take it easy.                                     – Don’t be angry with me.

– Calm down.                          – Temper, temper.

– Control yourself.                  – Let’s try to hold our temper.

– Don’t be such a worrywart.  – Don’t get hot under the collar.

– Don’t trouble yourself.         – Getting angry won’t help.

– Don’t let it bother you.

Expressing attitudes

Expressing justification:

– That’s why ….                                   – To be honest …

– Besides ….                                        – The reason why ….

– Beause ….                                         – What I’m saying is ….

– What I mean is ….                            – So ….

– You see ….


Expressing thinking expressions:


– Now, let me think ….

– It’s difficult to say exactly, but ….

– That’s an interesting question.

– I’ll have to think about that.

– The best way I can answer this is ….

– Let me see ….


Expressing speculation:


– Maybe ….

– I guess ….

– I suppose …..

– Perhaps ….

– It’s quite possible that ….


Expressing agreement:


– I agree.

– I know what you mean.

– I think so too.

– That’s for sure.

– Right.

– Certainly.

– O.K. with me.

– Fine with me.

– I agree to do so.


Expressing disagreement:


– I’m against this idea.

– I don’t agree.

– I don’t think so.

– I’m not sure.

– I find I can’t agree with you.

– I can’t agree to that.

– I refuse.

– No way.

– No deal.


Ways to say it: Expressing annoyance

– I need a break.                                              – Oh, dear!

– I’m losing my mind.                                     – What a nuisance.

– I’m a bundle of nerves.                                 – How irritating.

– I can’t take it anymore.                                – I’m very annoyed.

– Gosh, what is this?                                       – It really makes me angry.

– I’m so scared.                                               – It annoys me.

– I was terrified.                                              – It irritates me.

– You frightened me.                                      – I really hate …

– I’m frightened.                                              – What an idiot.

– Oh, no!                                                         – I’m fed up with ….

Reducing someone’s annoyance:

– Relax.                                                           – Don’t be such a worrywart.

– Take it slow.                                                 – Don’t be scared.

– Take it easy.                                                             – Don’t trouble yourself.

Calm down.                                                  – Don’t be frightened.

– Control yourself.



Expressing a promise


Asking for a promise:

  • Promise me that you will get me all the water  I can drink.
  • Do you promise to take care of the bird if we get one?
  • Make me a promise, will you?
  • I want you to promise that you’ll love me forever.
  • Is that a promise?
  • Do you give me your word on that?
  • Do you swear that you won’t forget me?


Offering a promise:

  • I promise I’ll do whatever you want.
  • I promise you that I’ll try to be on time next time.
  • I promise to love you endlessly.
  • It’s a promise.
  • I give you my word on that.
  • You have my word on it.
  • I swear that my love is only for you.


Expressing wonder (curiosity)


Asking about thoughts/feelings:

  • How do you feel about it?
  • What are you thinking about?
  • You have something on your mind?
  • What are you looking so serious about?
  • Is something bothering you?
  • Is there anything you want to talk about?
  • Want to talk about it?
  • Are you O.K.?
  • Are you worried about something?


Expressing wonder:

  • I wonder at her rudeness.
  • I wonder how he can come here after what happened.
  • I really wonder if he loves somebody younger.
  • I’m just wondering if she knows how much I love her.
  • I wonder who she is.
  • I was just wondering how to do it.
  • I don’t wonder after the treatment she had.



Expressing a possibility


Asking about possibility/probability:

  • Is it possible to seeMountMerbabufrom here?
  • Is there any possibility of selling everything today?
  • What possibility is there that they’re still alive?
  • Can you come to my house tomorrow afternoon?
  • Will you be able to stop by the post office on the way home?
  • Is there any chance they will meet and marry?
  • What will probably happen to the main character?


Stating possibility:

  • Maybe
  • Perhaps.
  • Could be.
  • It’s possible.
  • They may be.
  • I might meet him.
  • There’s a good possibility.
  • It’s very likely.
  • There’s a big chance.
  • There’s a chance.



Expressing wishes


Giving general wishes:

·       I wish you luck.

·       Good luck.

·       Best of luck.

·       Good fortune be with you.

·       I hope that everything goes O.K. for you.

·       I’m sure that everything will work out just fine.

·       May you be happy and successful in your new life.

·       Well, we hope that everything will be alright.

·       I hope you have a good/pleasant/enjoyable….

·       Please give your parents my best wishes.


Responding to general wishes:

  • Thank you.
  • Thank you very much.
  • Many thanks.
  • Thanks. You too.
  • Thank you and the same to you.
  • Thank you and a Happy New Year to you too.


Complaining and giving an order


Expressing complaint:

  • I want to complain about these shoes.
  • Well, this is the most unsatisfactory service I’ve ever found. I booked the room myself a week ago.
  • I’m afraid… it’s just not good enough.
  • What can you do about these rooms?
  • Something must be done.
  • I’m sorry to say this, but this room is very dirty.
  • I’m afraid I’ve got a complaint about…
  • Would you mind not talking too loudly?
  • I wish you wouldn’t bother us.
  • I’m not at all satisfied with your….


Giving an order:

  • Give me that!
  • Be quiet!
  • Don’t sit there!
  • Do it right now, will you!
  • Stop it, I tell you!
  • Will you hurry up!
  • I order you to get out!
  • Will you please stop talking!
  • Would you please sit down!
  • Do you mind not  singing!
  • You must wait here!




Giving suggestions


Asking for suggestions:

  • Do you think I ought to call the police?
  • What do you think I should buy him for his birthday?
  • Do you have any ideas about how I can sell my car?
  • Should I try to talk with him about this matter again?
  • If you were me, what would you tell her?
  • If you were in my situation, would you forgive him?
  • What do you advise I pack for the trip?
  • Do you have any advice for me?
  • Can you give me some advice about something?
  • How do you suggest I fix this broken window?
  • Are you suggesting I give up jogging?
  • What do you recommend I take for a bad headache?
  • Do you have any recommendations about a good hotel inParis?
  • Can you recommend a suitable wine for dinner?


Offering suggestions:

  • I think you’d better start looking for a new job.
  • If I were you, I’d stop writing her.
  • It would probably be a good idea to send this by Express mail.
  • Why don’t you try calling her tonight?
  • How about taking a bus instead of driving?
  • Try ignoring her for a while.
  • I’d say that you’d better quit the team now.
  • I advise you to talk with your lawyer.
  • My advice is to be careful in doing business with them.
  • I suggest that we go out for dinner tonight.
  • Let me suggest that we buy a new copier.
  • I recommend that you cancel your appoinment.
  • My recommendation is that we begin the sales program in May.



Expressing attitudes about something


Expressing likes:

  • I like people who are sociable.
  • I like someone who is funny.
  • I really like an honest person.
  • I like it when people are reliable.
  • I like it when someone is easygoing.
  • I like it when a person is punctual.
  • I love it when my mother cooks my favorite meal.


Expressing dislikes:

  • I don’t like people who leave things all over place.
  • I hate people who are always late.
  • I think people who blow smoke in your face are disgusting.
  • I can’t stand it when people blow smoke in my face.
  • I hate it when people chew gum while they are talking.
  • It bothers me when someone talks impolitely.




Expressing confession and blaming



  • I admit I was wrong.
  • You’re right and I was wrong.
  • It was my own fault.
  • I’m sorry I have made a mistake.
  • I was the one to blame.



  • It was your own fault.
  • What did you expect? You should have/shouldn’t have….
  • I told you but you wouldn’t listen.
  • It’s no use crying over spilt milk.
  • It serves you right.
  • Perhaps that’ll teach you a lesson.


Expressing a plan


Asking about plans:

  • What is your plan?
  • What are you going to do then?
  • What do you intend to do?
  • What are you planning to do?


Stating plans:

  • My plan is…
  • I’m going to…
  • I intend to…
  • I’m planning to…


Hiding plans:

  • I’ve got a particular plan.
  • I can’t tell you now.
  • I can’t make up my mind.
  • You’ll see later.



Preventing someone from doing something


Ways to say a prevention:

  • I wouldn’t do that ….. if I were you.
  • I wouldn’t take the risk if I were in your position.
  • You wouldn’t say that if you understood my situation.
  • It’s not a good idea.
  • I think it is not wise to do.
  • I wouldn’t do that if I were you. It’s too risky.
  • That’s a stupid thing to do. I wouldn’t do it if I were you.
  • I think that’s not a good idea. You’d better cancel your plan.


Ways to response a prevention:

  • I’ll consider that.
  • I’ll think about that.
  • I’ll think it over.
  • I’ll reschedule my plan.


Showing how you feel


Asking someone’s point of view:

  • What do you think about the comedian series Bajaj Bajuri?
  • Excuse me, what do you feel about the language used in that film?
  • What are your views about Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone?
  • What are your feelings about the two characters which were terrified by a Tyrannosaurus rex in Jurassic Park?
  • What do you think about TV shows?
  • Have you got any comments on the latest album of Padi?
  • What is your reaction to…?
  • I’d be glad to have your view on…
  • What would you say to…?



Expressing points of view:

  • Fantastic! I always love the Bajaj Bajuri serial and all of the silly ideas of these series.
  • Awful! I must say frankly that sometimes the intimate language used in these series is very dangerous for Indonesian children.
  • Personally I believe….
  • In my view, ….
  • It seems to me….
  • From my point of view….
  • I’d just like to say….
  • Well, to my mind this scene….
  • Personally, I consider….
  • To be perfectly frank….


Expressing pleased:

  • Great!
  • Terrific!
  • Fantastic!
  • Super!
  • Phew!
  • How wonderful!
  • Hey, that’s terrific.
  • It’s the best thing…
  • Interesting.
  • Exciting!
  • You will like/love/enjoy the movie very much.


Expressing displeased:

  • I am very annoyed!
  • How irritating!
  • Extremely unhappy!
  • That/it makes me mad!
  • That/it isn’t nice!
  • How infuriating!
  • I’m afraid…
  • How boring!
  • Totally uninteresting!






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